Most Common Diseases as You Reach Old Age

Reaching old age comes with a list of diseases. Keeping a healthy lifestyle in the early stage of your life is very important. Nonetheless, it is still vital to understand the most common diseases that you may suffer as you grow older.

Arthritis

Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints. Osteoarthritis is brought on by the wear and tear of the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is brought on by an autoimmune disorder. There are also other types of arthritis that are primarily caused by an increase in uric acid, so it is important that you watch what you eat as you age.

Dementia

Dementia is the common term used to describe the inability of the brain to function as it should. Vascular dementia is the decrease in the ability to think due to the insufficient amount of oxygen and blood that flows to the brain. Alzheimer’s is another type of dementia which affects the person’s ability to think, behave and remember.

Dementia is a very challenging disease and that is why some people choose to either have dementia care at home or stay in a home care facility.

Parkinson’s Disease

This is a successive disease of the nervous system which affects the person’s ability to move. It may start with a tremor in the hands and gradually develop into the inability to walk. It is also the second most conventional neurodegenerative disorder.

There is no known cure for this disease; however, some surgery may be able to decrease the progress of Parkinson’s disease.

Osteoporosis

As a person ages, the level of calcium in the bones decreases which can, later on, develop into osteoporosis. It makes the bones brittle and even the lightest fall may cause a bone to break. It affects both genders, however, Asian women are more prone to acquiring this compared to other races.

Macular degeneration

Macular degeneration is an eye disease which causes the loss of one’s vision. It is brought on by the deterioration of the macula that is found in the centre of the eye. If one suffers from this, it will certainly decrease the quality of life as it brings blurred vision or even a blind spot in the central vision.

Cataracts

A cataract is the clouding of the lens of the eye. It is similar to looking at a fogged window. This disease may prevent you from reading, driving or even recognising the face of a relative or friend.

Urinary Incontinence

Someone who has urinary incontinence loses his or her ability to control the urinary bladder. It may range from a leak in urine when sneezing to a sudden gush of urine at a time you least expect it, which may cause embarrassment.

Bed sores

This is commonly found in people who have a medical condition that prevents them from moving. It is often developed in areas with bony structures such as the buttocks, hips, and ankles.  It develops quickly and is difficult to treat.

Growing old should not be a nightmare as long as you prepare well enough for it. Early on, decide whether you want to stay at home or in a specialised care facility. Prepare financially and make sure you have enough funds to support you if ever you get hospitalised.

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